Do you want to make your own hydroponic system at home? So that you can cultivate different plants in no time.
Well, if your answer is yes then you are in the perfect place right now. As I am going to help you build your DIY hydroponic system within a few steps.
Are you excited?
Let’s get started:
What is a Hydroponic System?
Let’s start with ground level.
Because it is important for the newcomers to first know about this cultivation technique. However, if you already know the basics then you can skip this part.
Hydroponics exactly refers to skipping the traditional soil method for growing plants and using nutrient-rich water for cultivation.
This is one of the ways of gardening which is quite helpful where the traditional cultivation method is not useful. Moreover, it has ultimate benefits.
Such as you can build it indoors, and also you don’t have to work in the direct sunlight for hours like the soil cultivation method. Overall, hydroponics does your cultivation job quite easily compare to the other techniques.
Apart from this, Deep Water Culture or DWC hydroponic system is best for beginners and for those who are new to this gardening technique.
Therefore, we are going to discuss mainly this hydroponic system and then how you can build it at your home in just a few steps.
Advantages of DWC hydroponic system
Though you must know about the pros and cons of a hydroponic system.
- First of all, in DWC hydroponic, the plant growth is accelerated from the initial stage. As in this technique fetching nutrients and oxygen through aerated water becomes easy for the roots of the plant. As they stay in nutrient-rich water almost every time.
- Secondly, there is little maintenance in DWC hydroponic system.
- A hydroponic system can be built even just for a single plant. Hence, you can also make it in limited space available in your home.
- You don’t have to put extra effort to take care of your garden, unlike the traditional method.
- Even beginner growers can get the most out of their garden through hydroponics.
- You might have to spend a few bucks to get the required tool for a hydroponic system.
- Maintaining pH level, water temperature might be difficult for initial hydroponic growers.
How to Make a DIY Hydroponic System?
Finally, we are now into the main guide. We will start with the step-by-step procedure on how to build a DIY hydroponic system, however before that, make sure you have prepared the following things:
- A bucket or container – where you will store nutrient-rich water
- Net pots – for plants
- Air pump with air stone – to circulate oxygen in the water
- Liquid nutrients – of your choice
- pH meter – for observation
- pH down – just in case
- Hole saw with arbor
Prepared the material? Now, let’s get into it:
Step 1. Get your container
You might have observed that many hydroponic systems have large containers or buckets for storing nutrient-rich water. And, to be honest, that is the ideal way as well.
However, if you don’t have one then you can either buy it from your nearest store or you can use any small rectangular container too.
Just make sure that sunlight should not penetrate through your container. Otherwise, it will lead to the algae and more hassle. Depending upon your requirement you can use any size of container.
I have used a 15L rectangular container (kinda box). Though unlike the regular ones it is not a deeper storage container as I have used it just for demonstration purposes.
Step 2. It’s drilling time!
The next step is to drill holes in the lid of the container. Because the net pots will be there. As net pots will allow your plants to spread their roots through the holes in them. So be careful you don’t hole larger than the net pot size. Ideally, the hole should be slightly smaller than the size of the net pot, which will prevent them from falling through.
Use a hole saw to drill the holes. While drilling holes, use a support for the lid such as wood or something like that.
Important – The number of holes should not be either more or less. You have to choose according to the size of the lid of the container. Also, maintain a good distance between the holes so that after the growth of the plant they should not create an issue for you.
Step 3. Get your air pump
If you have bought a new air pump then you might have to assemble its parts. Check if you have got a valve with the air pump. This valve will prevent the water from entering the pump from the container while it is off.
The air pump is kept outside the container and ideally above the water level. Especially when you didn’t have the valve with the pump.
After assembling the air pump, connect the air stone with it.
Once everything is ready, make sure to check again if the valve, pipes, and other things are attached properly.
Step 4. Fill the reservoir
You have come through halfway. Now, fill the container with water until there is 2 to 3 cm space is left on the top.
Keep in mind that you don’t have to fill the reservoir fully.
Now, it’s time to add the nutrients to the water. Ideally, you should add 2ml per liter.
Step 5. Maintain the pH
After adding nutrients, check the pH using a pH meter. Tap water will be from 6.5pH to 7.5pH. You can use “pH down” for lowering the pH level. Make sure to wear gloves while handling pH down and also mix the solution well after application.
Step 6. Prepare everything
Place the air stone in the reservoir and plug it into the air pump. Add your plants to the net pot. You can also use the soil-grown seedlings, however, using the same growth medium seedlings will be better.
Step 7. Take care of your hydroponics!
Hurrah! Finally, you have made it. You must have a small DIY hydroponic system in your house after following the above steps correctly. Now, you must observe the growth of your plants and take the necessary steps accordingly while taking care of the whole hydroponic system.
Why Hydroponic Gardening System?
Apart from different advantages and disadvantages, the major reason can be easy maintenance and low effort.
Yes! You have read it right.
Nowadays, people are more interested in hydroponics due to its easy maintenance and high output. As you don’t need to get your hands dirty in the soil. Also, you can do farming from your roof as well. (if there’s space for gardening)
Above all, hydroponics gives you sure-shot better output.
As in this farming technique, we provide everything to our plant in the proper quantity and hence chances are high that plants will grow faster and healthier. At least, the risk of pesticides and other issues declines in this growing technique.
So, overall, if we even don’t consider the major benefits of hydroponics then too it gives us a better experience of farming without our harsh efforts. As this technique can be applied even to limited space, therefore, in 2023 you must have to try out this growing technique. Believe me, it will be quite fun and you will get to learn many things for sure!
Frequently Asked Questions
Here are some regularly asked queries of the growers regarding the hydroponic system:
Yes, to the extent we can say such. It is because, in the hydroponic system, we give everything to the plant in perfect quantity. Also, we don’t have to depend on irrigation as well. There’s nothing like nutrient deficiency as we use nutrient-rich water for cultivation.
Therefore, in hydroponic farming plants usually grow faster.
In this system, we use nutrient-rich water instead of the traditional soil method. Also, the plants are given proper temperature and other growth factors appropriately, and that is why in this technique plants usually grow rapidly.
First of all, it has low maintenance. Also, it requires less investment. And, the best part is that you can grow any plant in a limited growing area. While you are sure to get the most out of your garden with this gardening technique.
There are the following types of hydroponics: Deep Water Culture, Nutrient Film Technique, Aeroponics, Wicking, Ebb and Flow, Drip System. The popular method is DWC or Deep Water Culture, which even we discussed in this guide as well. However, the easiest type for yourself depends on your growing skill.
Aeroponics need more attention and maintenance of nutrient density ratios whereas hydroponics is not like that. Although it is completely dependent upon your growing experience, still, hydroponics are expected to be better.
Now you know how to make your own DIY hydroponic system. Therefore, it is your turn. You can start right now making your hydroponic system. Don’t forget to tell us about your experience. We’ll love to hear from you.
Apart from this, if you got any questions, queries, or even doubts then just reach out to us. We’ll help you!
Until then, happy gardening!
Read the guide for Growing marijuana Hydropically on wikiHow!